WHAT IS CONVERSION THERAPY
Conversion therapy is a practice that is intended to change the sexual orientation, gender identity, or gender expression of individuals who identify as LGBT (Mallory et al., 2018).
CONVERSION THERAPY FACTS
Approximately 700,000 LGBT adults have undergone conversion therapy in the United States (Mallory et al., 2019).
Individuals who are younger, LGBTQ, non-binary, Hispanic, & less educated are more likely to undergo conversion therapy (Higbee et al., 2020).
Conversion therapy practices can include talk therapy, abstinence training, electroconvulsive therapy, surgery, etc. (Przeworski et al., 2021)
Conversion therapy is associated with many negative outcomes including, poor self-esteem, suicidality, depression, anxiety, self-hatred, substance use, etc.(Przeworski et al., 2021).
20 states have banned medical professionals from practicing conversion therapy (Movement Advance Project, 2021).
Perpetrators of conversion therapy can include, medical professionals, religious authorities, family members, and conversion camp leaders (Kinitz et al., 2021).
THE HEALTH AND PUBLIC WELFARE
EFFECTS OF CONVERSION THERAPY
There is a movement to ban conversion therapy for children in the United States, with 20 states already doing so. Religious organizations and individuals are lobbying to obtain statutory rights to overcome bans on conversion therapy, and often obtain exemptions to the neutral, generally applicable bans.
CONVERSION THERAPY IN THE NEWS
Lawmakers renew efforts to ban conversion therapy for Michigan minors
Sun Prairie becomes latest Wisconsin city to ban 'conversion therapy'
Columbia hears from doctors supporting, opposing proposed gay conversion therapy ban
Hutch council agrees to hear more on the idea of a "conversion therapy" ban
Higbee, M., Wright, E. R., & Roemerman, R. M. (2020). Conversion therapy in the southern United States: Prevalence and experiences of the survivors. Journal of Homosexuality, Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1080/00918369.2020.1840213
Kinitz, D. J., Salway, T., Dromer, E., Giustini, D., Ashley, F., Goodyear, T., Ferlatte, O., Kia, H., & Abramovich, A. (2021). The scope and nature of sexual orientation and gender identity and expression change efforts: A systematic review protocol. Systematic Reviews, 10(1), 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13643-020-01563-8
Mallory, C., Brown, T. N. T., Conron, K, J. (2019). Conversion therapy and LGBT youth- Update. The Williams Institute, UCLA School of Law. https://williamsinstitute.law.ucla.edu/wp-content/uploads/Conversion-Therapy-Update-Jun-2019.pdf
Movement Advancement Project. (2021, June 14). Equality maps: Conversion therapy laws. https://www.lgbtmap.org/equality-maps/conversion_therapy
Przeworski, A., Peterson, E., & Piedra, A. (2021). A systematic review of the efficacy, harmful effects, and ethical issues related to sexual orientation change efforts. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 28(1), 81-100. https://psycnet.apa.org/doi/10.1111/cpsp.12377