2022 SOL TRACKER

National Overview of Statutes of Limitation (SOLs) for Child Sex Abuse

2022 SOL Reform Legislation and Best Current Civil and Criminal SOLs

PART I: OVERVIEW OF 2022 SOL REFORM BILLS

A. New SOL Reform Laws Going into Effect (5 States & Federal)

      (1 to eliminate criminal; 1 to extend criminal; 1 to eliminate civil;  2 to extend civil; 2 for civil window/revival)

B. SOL Reform Bills Passed in Legislature (5 States & Federal)

      (1 to eliminate criminal; 1 to extend criminal; 1 to eliminate civil;  2 to extend civil; 2 for civil window/revival)

C. SOL Reform Bills Introduced (30 States & Federal)

(12  to eliminate criminal;  12  to extend criminal; 18  to eliminate civil; 11  to extend civil; and 17  for civil window/revival)

PART II: OVERVIEW OF JURISDICTIONS WITH THE BEST CRIMINAL AND CIVIL SOL LAWS

D. No Criminal SOL (44 States, 5 U.S. Territories, & Federal)

E. No Civil SOL (15 States, 2 U.S. Territories, & Federal)

F. Revived Expired Civil SOL (24 States & 3 U.S. Territories)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Last updated: September 21, 2022

At a Glance:

 

PART I: OVERVIEW OF 2022 SOL REFORM BILLS

A. New SOL Reform Laws Going into Effect

Click Here for Summary of New SOL Reform Laws in 5 States & Federal Government
California

Exempts CSA claims against all government entities from the 60-day claim presentment requirement. (AB 2959(Governor Signed into Law, Sept. 19, 2022).

Florida

Eliminates the criminal SOL for an adult using or promoting a child in a sexual performance.  (SB 1244) (Governor Signed into Law, June 7, 2022).

Louisiana

Amends Louisiana’s 3-year window to clarify claims are revived against institutional defendants and also for pre-1993 abuse. (HB 402) (Governor Signed into Law, June 10, 2022). 

New York

Extends the civil SOL to age 27 for minors and 0pens a 2-year revival window in New York City for gender-motivated violence, which includes sexual assault of children and adults.  (Int 2372-2021) (Enacted Jan. 9, 2022).

 

Oklahoma

Extends the criminal SOL for sex trafficking of minors and adults from 3-years after the offense to 3-years after reporting to law enforcement. (SB 974) (Governor Signed into Law,  May 3, 2022).

 

Federal

Eliminates the civil SOL for offenses against minors, including child sex abuse, sex trafficking, exploitation, and CSAM. (S 3103 Eliminating Limits to Justice for Child Sex Abuse Victims Act of 2022) (S 3103 President Signed into Law, Sept. 16, 2022).

Total Five (5) States & Federal Government with New SOL Reform Laws

B. SOL Reform Bills Passed in Legislature

click here for summary of sol reform bills that passed in the legislature in 5 States & Federal Government

 

California

Exempts CSA claims against all government entities from the 60-day claim presentment requirement. (AB 2959(Governor Signed into Law, Sept. 19, 2022).

Florida

Eliminates the criminal SOL for an adult using or promoting a child in a sexual performance.  (SB 1244) (Governor Signed into Law, June 7, 2022).

Louisiana

Amends Louisiana’s 3-year window to clarify claims are revived against institutional defendants and also for pre-1993 abuse. (HB 402) (Governor Signed into Law, June 10, 2022). 

 

New York

Extends the civil SOL to age 27 for minors and 0pens a 2-year revival window in New York City for gender-motivated violence, which includes sexual assault of children and adults. (Int 2372-2021) (Enacted Jan. 9, 2022).

Oklahoma

Extends the criminal SOL for sex trafficking of minors and adults from 3-years after the offense to 3-years after reporting to law enforcement. (SB 974)(Governor Signed into Law,  May 3, 2022).

Federal

Eliminates the civil SOL for offenses against minors, including child sex abuse, sex trafficking, exploitation, and CSAM. (S 3103 & HR 8061, Eliminating Limits to Justice for Child Sex Abuse Victims Act of 2022) (S 3103 President Signed into Law, Sept. 16, 2022).

Total Five (5) States & Federal Government Passed SOL Reform

 

 

C. SOL Reform Bills Introduced in Legislature

click here for summary of sol reform bills in 30 states and the federal government that were introduced in legislature
Alabama

Would extend the civil SOL for child sexual abuse from age 25 to age 55 and revive expired claims until survivors reach age 55. (SB 358).

Would extend the civil SOL for child sexual abuse from age 25 to age 55, revive expired claims until survivors reach age 55, and open a 2-year revival window for all expired claims. (HB 370).

 

Alaska

Would add the crimes of felony patronizing a sex trafficking victim with an SOL of 5 years from the offense. Bill was amended to add the crime of third degree human trafficking with an SOL of 10 years from the offense and extend the SOL for third degree sex trafficking to 10 years from the offense . (SB 189) (Passed out of S. Judiciary Comm., April 8, 2022).

 

California

Would add a civil cause of action for online sex trafficking and exploitation of minors and adults against individuals and entities, including online services and websites, with an SOL of age 28 (age of majority, plus 10 years) or 6 years from discovery. Also, provides for statutory damages after notice of $200,000 for failing to remove the material within two business days. (SB 435) (Passed out of S. Judiciary Comm., Jan. 12, 2022; S. Appropriations Comm. Hearing, Jan. 18, 2022).

Exempts CSA claims against all government entities from the 60-day claim presentment requirement. (AB 2959(Governor Signed into Law, Sept. 19, 2022).

 

Connecticut

Spending bill to combat domestic violence and online harassment. Prior version of bill would have added the crime of child grooming with no SOL for felony offenses. (SB 5) (Amended Bill Signed into Law, May 24, 2022).

Would extend the criminal SOL to 3 years for prosecuting a mandated reporter for failure to report suspected child abuse or neglect. (HB 5152) (Passed out of the Comm. on Children, March 21, 2022).

 

Florida

Would eliminate the civil SOL for sexual offenses against minors and adults. (HB 655) (Failed, March 14, 2022).

Eliminates the criminal SOL for an adult using or promoting a child in a sexual performance. Prior version of bill would have eliminated the criminal SOL for additional felonies: sexual battery offenses against minors and adults, and lewd exhibitionism with a child under age 16. (SB 1244) (Governor Signed into Law, June 7, 2022).

Would eliminate the criminal SOL for an adult who uses or promotes a child in a sexual performance. Prior version of bill would have eliminated the criminal SOL for the following felonies: sexual battery offenses against minors and adults, lewd exhibitionism with a child under age 16, and sexual performance by a child under age 18. (HB 913)  (Passed out of H. Crim. Justice & Public Safety Subcomm., Feb. 15, 2022 and H. Judiciary Comm., Feb. 23, 2022).

 

Georgia

Would extend the criminal SOL for misdemeanor sexual offenses against minors to 10 years after the offense, and broaden the definition of criminal rape for which there is no SOL. (SB 506).

Would extend the civil SOL from age 23 to age 38 and the delayed discovery rule from 2 to 4 years. Would open a 1-year revival window against perpetrators and entities, with a limitation that claims against entities can only be brought for conduct occurring after 1988.  Previous versions of bill would extend civil SOL to age 52 and limited claims against entities under the window to conduct occurring after 1973. (HB 109) (Passed in House, March 8, 2021).

Would eliminate the criminal SOL for rape, aggravated sodomy, and aggravated sexual battery of minors and adults. (SB 18) (S. Judiciary Comm. Hearing, February 10, 2021).

 

Hawaii

Would extend the civil SOL from age 26 with a 3-year discovery rule to age 68 with a 5-year discovery rule and open another revival window until April 24, 2024. Would provide for recovery of treble damages against a legal entity that disregarded evidence of or failed to report prior sexual abuse. (SB 2717 & SB 2649).

Would extend the civil SOL from age 26 with a 3-year discovery rule to age 50 with a 5-year discovery rule. (HB 2208) (Passed in House, March 3, 2022).

Would eliminate the civil SOL for sex trafficking and sexual exploitation of minors and adults and add civil liability for businesses, owners and other commercial entities. (HB 2265 & SB 2557) (SB 2257 S. Human Services Comm. deferred, Feb. 8, 2022).

 

Illinois

Would extend the criminal SOL for grooming a child under 17 years old to age 27. Previous version would have extended the SOL to 10 years after discovery by a mandated reporter or, if none, 10 years after prosecutor is aware of the offense. (HB 5490) (Passed in House, March 4, 2022).

 

Iowa

Would eliminate the civil SOL for first degree, second degree, and third degree child sexual abuse. (SF 2095) (Passed out. of S. Judiciary Subcomm., Jan. 31, 2022).

Would eliminate the criminal SOL for continuous sexual abuse of a child and burglary and kidnapping when a child is sexually abused. (SF 2226 & SF 2328) (SF 2328 Passed in Senate, March 10, 2022).

Would eliminate criminal and civil SOLs for the following felonies: sexual abuse in the first, second, and third degree, sexual abuse or exploitation by a counselor, therapist or school employee, kidnapping, sex trafficking, and incest, and would open a 3-year revival window for expired claims related to these felonies. (SF 572) (SF 572 Passed out of S. Judiciary Comm., March 8, 2021).

Would eliminate the criminal SOL for felony sexual abuse of a minor in the first second, or third degree, incest, and sexual exploitation. (SF 33 & HF 566).

Would eliminate the civil SOL for sexual abuse and offenses against minors and open a 3-year revival window for expired claims of sexual abuse of a minor by a counselor, therapist, or school employee.  (SF 32).

Would extend the criminal SOL for sexual offenses against minors and sex trafficking from age 28 to age 33. (SF 76 & HF 449).

Would extend the criminal SOL for 1st, 2nd, and 3rd degree felony sexual abuse of minors from age 33 to age 48. Would also add a new provision for sexually motivated felony and misdemeanor offenses against minors – including sexual exploitation, indecent exposure and obscene materials – and set the SOL at age 48. (HF 225) (Passed out of H. Judiciary Subcomm., February 18, 2021).

 

Kansas

Would eliminate the civil SOL and open a permanent revival window for expired claims for CSA occurring on or after July 1, 1984. (SB 420 & HB 2603).

Would eliminate the civil SOL and open a permanent revival window for claims that were not expired prior to 1992. (SB 271).

 

Kentucky

Would eliminate the civil SOL for child sexual assault or abuse. (SB 153 & HB 464) (SB 153 Passed out of S. Judiciary Comm., Feb. 17, 2022).

 

Louisiana

Amends Louisiana’s 3-year window to clarify claims are revived against institutional defendants and also for pre-1993 abuse. (HB 402) (Governor Signed into Law, June 10, 2022). 

 

Massachusetts

Would eliminate the civil SOL for child sex abuse and open a permanent revival window for all expired claims. Would also remove the $20,000 cap on damages for claims against charitable organizations. (S 1088) (Joint Judiciary Comm. Hearing on December 7, 2021).

Would eliminate the criminal SOL for indecent assault and battery and rape of a minor. Would also extend the civil SOL for civil rights violations for sexual assault and abuse from age 21 to age 53. (H 1617) (Joint Judiciary Comm. Hearing on December 7, 2021).

Would revive expired civil claims against non-perpetrators up until a victim reaches age 53 if the perpetrator of the abuse is deceased. (S 1007) (Joint Judiciary Comm. Hearing on December 7, 2021).

Would eliminate the criminal SOL for indecent assault and battery or rape of a minor. (S 1087) (Joint Judiciary Comm. Hearing on December 7, 2021).

Would eliminate the criminal SOL for all sex offenses against minors and adults if there is DNA evidence identifying the perpetrator. (S 1096) (Joint Judiciary Comm. Hearing on December 7, 2021).

Would extend the criminal SOL for felony incest to age 24 (age of majority, 18, plus 6 years) or 6 years from reporting, whichever is earlier. (H 1722) (Joint Judiciary Comm. Hearing on December 7, 2021).

Would extend the civil SOL for sex trafficking of minors to 10 years after the trafficking victim is freed or age 28 (age of majority, 18, plus 10 years). (S 1094) (Joint Judiciary Comm. Hearing on September 15, 2021).

Would extend the criminal SOL for rape and sexual assault of minors ages 16 and 17 from 15 years to 30 years after the offense. (SD 3301).

 

Michigan

Would extend the civil SOL for minor and adult victims to the later of age 48, 10 years from the abuse, or 7 years from discovery and eliminate the SOL if the perpetrator is convicted of criminal sexual conduct. Also, would open a 2-year revival window for criminal sexual conduct of minors and adults. (HB 5962 & HB 5963).

Would remove the notice of claim requirement for suits against the government. (HB 5964).

Would extend the civil SOL for minor and adult victims to the later of age 28, 10 years from the abuse, or 6 years from discovery. Also, would open a 1-year revival window for physician sex abuse of minors and adults and remove the 1-year notice of claim requirement for suits against the government. (HB 4306) (H. Oversight Comm. Hearing, Sept. 30, 2021).

Would extend the criminal SOL for first degree criminal sexual conduct and trafficking punishable by life in prison by occurring before May 2, 2001, by allowing prosecution if it was reported within a year of the offense but the perpetrator’s legal name was unknown. (HB 4493).

 

Minnesota

Would extend the criminal SOL for felony and misdemeanor interference with privacy of minors and adults to 3 years after the offense or 3 years after discovery of a photograph or recording. (SF 2679).

 

Mississippi

Would eliminate the civil SOL for CSA, exploitation and trafficking of minors and persons under the disability of unsoundness of mind. (HB 138 & HB 246) (Bills Died in Comm., Feb. 1, 2022).

Would eliminate the criminal SOL for sexual battery of minors and adults. (HB 740, SB 2243 & SB 2234) (Bills Died in Comm., Feb. 1, 2022).

 

Missouri

Would  eliminate the criminal SOL for the following felonies: 1st degree sexual abuse, 1st degree attempted sexual abuse, 2nd degree sexual abuse, 2nd degree attempted sexual abuse, incest and attempted incest. (SB 837) (Passed out of S. Judiciary Comm., April 4, 2022).

Would extend the civil SOL for childhood sexual abuse claims against non-perpetrator defendants to age 31 or 3 years from discovery. (SB 1084).

Would shorten the civil SOL for personal injury claims related to child sex abuse against non-perpetrators to age 23 (age of majority, 21, plus 2 years) (HB 2206, SB 631 & SB 1243) (HB 2206 Passed in House, March 24, 2022) (SB 631 Passed out of S. Judiciary & Criminal Justice Comm., Jan. 20, 2022).

Nebraska

Would eliminate the civil SOL for claims against non-perpetrator individuals or private entities (not governmental) for sexual assault of a child. (LB 833) (Judiciary Comm. Hearing, Jan. 21, 2022).

Would remove sovereign immunity and extend the civil SOL for claims against the government to age 33. (LB 1200) (Judiciary Comm. Hearing, Feb. 9, 2022).

 

New Jersey

Would eliminate the civil SOL for the following claims: sexual assault, endangering child welfare by engaging in sexual conduct that would impair or debauch the morals of the child, and recording a child in sexual acts. Would also eliminate civil SOL for any action filed against individual or entity which produces, distributes, or otherwise engages in the child pornography industry. (AB 427).

Would eliminate the criminal SOL for human trafficking, including sex trafficking, of minors and adults. (S 1141 & A 2636).

Would extend the criminal SOL for felony criminal sexual contact and endangering child welfare from age 23 to age 28 (age of majority, 18, plus 10 years) or 2 years from discovery. (SB 1151).

New Mexico

Would eliminate the civil SOL for all childhood sexual abuse claims and open a permanent revival window for expired claims that are not currently pending, and a 2-year revival window for expired claims that are pending or have been dismissed on SOL grounds. (SB 117).

 

New York

Extends the civil SOL to age 27 for minors and 0pens a 2-year revival window in New York City for gender-motivated violence, which includes sexual assault of children and adults.   (Int 2372-2021) (Enacted Jan. 9, 2022).

Would eliminate the criminal SOL, extend the civil SOL to age 55, remove the notice of claim requirement, and open a 2-year revival window for sex trafficking offenses committed against minors and adults. (S 8722 & A 10612).

Would eliminate the criminal SOL for all sex offenses against minors and for hindering the prosecution of sex offenses against minors, incest and use of a child in a sexual performance. Would add criminal liability for endangering welfare of a child in the 1st degree, concealing or hindering discovery of child sex abuse or evidence, and broaden criminal liability for non-profits for child sex abuse. Would also open a 3-year revival window for all expired claims, including those governed by an SOL of another jurisdiction, with a provision barring confidential settlements. Would extend the civil SOL where a child sex abuse victim has died from 3 years after death with an upper limit of age 21, to 6 years after death, but no later than age 24. (A 3210).

Would eliminate the criminal SOL for the following child sex abuse crimes: felony 1st and 2nd degree rape, 2nd and 3rd degree criminal sexual act, 1st degree sexual abuse, and 2nd, 3rd, and 4th degree aggravated sexual abuse, and misdemeanor 2nd degree sexual abuse. Amended bill would also eliminate the civil SOL for child sex abuse offenses and open a permanent revival window for expired claims. (A 618).

Would broaden crime of rape to include oral and anal sexual contact, eliminating the criminal SOL for first degree contact and extending the criminal SOL to age 43 for second degree contact. (S 1075 & A 6319) (A 6319 Passed in Assembly, April 27, 2021).

Would eliminate the criminal SOL for the following felonies: 1st, 2nd , and 3rd degree incest and use of a child in a sexual performance.  Would also eliminate the civil SOL for all sexual offenses against minors. (A 4725).

Would eliminate the criminal SOL for the following felonies: 1st, 2nd, and 3rd degree incest, use of a child in a sexual performance, and predatory sexual assault. (A 5754).

Would eliminate the criminal SOL for the following child sex abuse crimes: felony 2nd and 3rd degree rape, and 2nd and 3rd degree criminal sexual act. (A 814).

 

Ohio

Would eliminate the civil SOL for rape of minors and adults, extend the civil SOL from age 30 to age 55 for other child sex abuse offenses, and open a 3-year revival window for expired claims. Would also eliminate the criminal SOL for rape and conspiracy, attempt or complicity to commit rape of minors and adults. (HB 266).

Would eliminate the criminal and civil SOL for rape and conspiracy, attempt or complicity to commit rape of minors and adults. (SB 198).

Would eliminate the civil SOL for CSA claims against a bankruptcy estate. (HB 709 Scout’s Honor Law).

 

Oklahoma

Extends the criminal SOL for sex trafficking of minors and adults from 3-years after the offense to 3-years after reporting to law enforcement. (SB 974) (Governor Signed into Law,  May 3, 2022).

Would extend the civil SOL for child sexual abuse claims against institutional defendants from age 20 to age 23. Previous version would have extended the civil SOL for child sexual abuse and exploitation against all types of defendants to age 55 and revive expired claims until a survivor reaches age 55. (HB 3406) (Amended Bill Passed out of H. Judiciary Committee, March 1, 2022).

Would eliminate  the civil SOL for child sexual abuse or exploitation against perpetrators and other individuals and extend the civil SOL against institutions to the later of age 48 or 5 years from discovery of the abuse. Would also open a 5-year revival window for all expired claims. (HB 1002) (Passed in House, March 11, 2021).

 

Pennsylvania

Would open a 2-year revival window for expired claims of sexual abuse of minors. Would also retroactively remove sovereign and government immunity for civil child sex abuse claims. (HB 951) (Passed in House, April 7, 2021; Passed out of S. Judiciary Comm., April 21, 2021).

A resolution to amend the Pennsylvania Constitution to add a 2-year revival window for victims of child sex abuse. (SB 8) (Passed out of S. Judiciary Comm., January 25, 2021 and S. Appropriations Comm., January 26th, 2021, S. Rules and Executive Nominations Comm. Hearing, March 22, 2021).

A resolution to amend the Pennsylvania Constitution with an emergency amendment that adds a 2-year revival window for victims of child sex abuse. (HB 881) (House Vote Against Bill, March 17, 2021).

Would eliminate the civil SOL for sexual abuse of minors and adults and open a 2-year revival window for expired claims of sexual abuse of minors and adults. Would make a settlement agreement provisions that bars disclosure of a claim of sexual abuse void, unless the victim requests it. Would also eliminate the criminal SOL for sexual assault of adults. (SB 406).

Would open a 2-year revival window for expired claims of sexual abuse of minors and adults. (SB 407).

 

Rhode Island

Would eliminate the civil SOL for child sexual abuse and exploitation and open a permanent revival window for all expired claims against all types of defendants. (H 7409 & S 2949).

Would eliminate the civil SOL for 2nd degree sexual assault of minors and adults. (H 7693) (Passed in House, June 15, 2022).

 

South Carolina

Would extend the civil SOL to age 55 or 5 years from discovery, and make it applicable to all types of defendants. (SB 75).

 

Utah

A joint resolution to amend the Utah Constitution to give the Legislature power to revive expired child sexual abuse claims against individuals. Previous version was not limited to claims against individuals.  (H.J.R. 4) (Failed, March 4, 2022).

 

Virginia

Would extend the civil SOL for sexual abuse of a minor from age 38 or 20 years from discovery to age 43 or 25 years from discovery and open a permanent revival window for expired claims against perpetrators and other individuals. Prior version would have eliminated the civil SOL. (SB 483) (S. Judiciary Comm. Hearing, Jan. 31, 2022).

 

Washington

Would extend the criminal SOL for trafficking from 10 years to 20 years after commission of the crime. (SB 5945).

 

Wisconsin

Would eliminate the criminal SOL for prosecuting lesser included child sex abuse offenses where the perpetrator has been convicted of 1st degree sexual assault of a child. (SB 382 & AB 386) (AB 386 Passed out of H. Judiciary Comm, Oct. 27, 2021 and Rules Comm., Feb. 1, 2022; Failed, March 15, 2022) (SB 382 Passed in Senate, Feb. 22, 2022; Failed, March 15, 2022).

Would extend DNA tolling of the criminal SOL from one year after DNA identification to the length of the SOL applicable to the crime after DNA identification, even if the SOL for prosecution expired. (AB 1140 & SB 1091) (Both Failed, March 15, 2022).

 

Federal Government

Eliminates the civil SOL for offenses against minors, including child sex abuse, sex trafficking, exploitation, and CSAM. (S 3103 & HR 8061, Eliminating Limits to Justice for Child Sex Abuse Victims Act of 2022) (S 3103 President Signed into Law, Sept. 16, 2022).

Would incentivize states to eliminate criminal and civil SOLs for child sex abuse and revive time-barred civil claims. (HR 4860, Statutes of Limitation for Child Sexual Abuse Reform Act).

Would incentivize states to eliminate criminal and civil SOLs for child sex abuse. (HR 5049 & S 3107, No Time Limit for Justice Act).

 

Total Thirty (30) States & Federal Government Considering SOL Reform in 2022

PART II: OVERVIEW OF JURISDICTIONS WITH THE BEST CRIMINAL AND CIVIL SOL LAWS

Best SOLs

 D. Jurisdictions with No Criminal SOL

click here for summary of criminal sol elimination laws in 44 states, federal government and d.c.
Alabama None for victims abused when they were under 16
Alaska None for victims abused when they were under 18 (felony charge)
Arizona None for victims abused when they were under 15 or under 18 if the abuser is a parent, guardian, teacher or priest or for child sex trafficking
Arkansas None (as of 2013)
California None for felony sex offenses
Colorado None for felony child sexual offenses
Connecticut None for class A felonies and for any offense involving sexual abuse, sexual exploitation or sexual assault of a minor, including risk of injury involving intimate contact with a victim under age 16.
Delaware None
Florida None for felony sexual battery of minors (defined by Fla. Stat. § 794.011)
Georgia None for (1) trafficking a person for sexual servitude; (2) cruelty to children in the first degree; (3) rape; (4) aggravated sodomy; (5) child molestation or aggravated child molestation; (6) enticing a child for indecent purposes; or (7) incest.
Hawaii None for 1st and 2nd degree sexual assault, and continuous sexual assault of a minor under 14
Idaho Elimination for felony sex abuse and lewd conduct with a child.
Illinois None for felonies and misdemeanors
Indiana None if offense committed with threats or use of deadly force (class A)
Iowa None for all child sex abuse felonies and misdemeanors.
Kansas None for rape
Kentucky None for felonies
Louisiana None for prosecutions of crimes for that are punishable by death or life imprisonment, including aggravated rape and forcible rape
Maine None for victim under 16 for felony and misdemeanor incest; unlawful sexual contact; sexual abuse of a minor; rape or gross sexual assault, formerly denominated as gross sexual misconduct.
Maryland None for felonies
Massachusetts None where victim under 16 (after +27 years DNA or other corroborating evidence needed)
Michigan None 1st degree crimes.
Minnesota None for the following felonies: solicitation, inducement, and promotion of prostitution, sex trafficking, and criminal sexual conduct in the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th degrees.
Mississippi None if (1) victim was abused during ages 14-16 and offender is 3 years older; (2) victim was abused under 14 and offender 2 years older; (3) victim was abused under 18 and abuser is in a position of authority or trust; or (4) involving touching or handling of children for lustful purposes
Missouri Murder, forcible rape, attempted forcible rape, forcible sodomy, attempted forcible sodomy, or any class A felony
Montana None
Nebraska None for felony 1st or 2nd degree sexual assault, or misdemeanor 3rd degree sexual assault when victim was abused under the age of 16, felony incest, sex trafficking of a minor and child pornography.
New Jersey None for sexual assault or aggravated sexual assault
New Mexico None for 1st degree felonies
New York None for 1st degree felonies
North Carolina None
Pennsylvania None for felony trafficking, sexual servitude, rape, statutory sexual assault, involuntary deviate sexual intercourse, sexual assault, institutional sexual assault, aggravated indecent assault and incest.
Rhode Island None for 1st degree sexual assault, and 1st and 2nd degree child molestation
South Carolina None
South Dakota None for class A, B, and C felonies; all child rape & forcible rape
Tennessee None for child sex abuse felonies and misdemeanors
Texas None for most sex crimes against young children
Utah None for rape of a child, object rape of a child, sodomy on a child, sexual abuse of a child, aggravated sexual abuse of a child, human trafficking of a child
Vermont None for aggravated sexual assault and sexual exploitation of a minor
Virginia None for felonies
Washington None for felony rape, sexual misconduct, child molestation, and sexual exploitation of a minor
West Virginia None for sexual assault, 1st degree sexual abuse, sexual abuse by parent, guardian, custodian, or person in a position of trust to child
Wisconsin None for 1st degree sexual assault, or repeated class A or B felony offenses against the same child
Wyoming None
Washington D.C. None for felony sexual abuse, child sexual abuse, sexual abuse of a minor, and incest.
Federal Government None
Total Forty-four (44) States, Federal Government and Washington D.C. Eliminated Criminal SOLs

 

 

E. Jurisdictions with No Civil SOL
(for at least some child sex abuse claims)

click here for summary of civil sol elimination laws in 15 states, federal government and 2 Territories
Alaska None for felony sex abuse of a minor and felony sexual assault (as of 2001), unlawful exploitation of a minor (as of 2003), and felony sex trafficking or felony human trafficking (as of 2013). Applies to claims against perpetrators arising after the effective dates and to non-expired claims arising before. (Alaska Stat. Ann. § 09.10.065).
Arizona None for action based on sex trafficking of minors and adults (as of 2021).  (AZ ST § 12-721).
Colorado None for sexual assault of minors and adults.  Applies to claims against all defendants arising after the effective date and to non-expired claims arising before (as of 2021). (SB21-073, 73rd General Assembly, 1st Reg. Sess. (2021)). Also, none for new cause of action for sexual misconduct with minors. Applies to claims against perpetrators, private institutions, and government for abuse in 2022 or later (as of 2022). (SB21-088, 73rd General Assembly, 1st Reg. Sess. (2021)).
Connecticut None if events forming the civil claim led to conviction of first-degree aggravated sexual assault or sexual assault. Applies to any cause of action arising from an incident committed prior to, on or after May 23, 2002. (Conn. Gen. Stat. § 52-577e).
Delaware None for action based on sexual abuse of a minor by an adult. Effective as of July 10, 2007 and also applies to non-expired claims arising before that date. (Del. Code tit. 10, § 8145).
Florida None for sexual battery offenses committed against victims under 16 years old. Effective as of July 1, 2010 and also applies to non-expired claims arising before that date. (Fla. Stat. Ann. § 95.11).
Guam None for action based on child sexual abuse. Effective as of September 23, 2016 and it is fully retroactive, applying to call claims arising before on or after that date. (GU ST T. 7, § 11301.1).
Illinois None for action based on childhood sexual abuse. Effective as of January 1, 2014 and also applies to non-expired claims arising before that date. (IL ST CH 735 § 5/13-202.2).
Louisiana None for actions based on sexual abuse of a minor. Effective June 14, 2021 and applies to non-expired claims arising before that date. (2021 La. Sess. Law Serv. Act 322 (H.B. 492)).
Maine None for action based on sexual contact or sexual act with a minor. Effective as of April 7, 2000 and also applies to non-expired claims arising before that date. (ME ST T. 14 § 752-C).
Minnesota None for action based on sexual abuse of a minor. Effective as of May 25, 2013 and also applies to non-expired claims arising before that date. (Minn. Stat. § 541.073(b)).
Nebraska None for action based on sexual assault of a child against a perpetrator. Effective as of August 24, 2017 and also applies to non-expired claims arising before that date. (Neb. Rev. St. § 25-228).
Nevada None for action based on child sex abuse against a perpetrator where there is clear and convincing evidence of the abuse. (Petersen v. Bruen, 106 Nev. 271, 281 (1990)). None for claims against a perpetrator or someone criminally liable for sexual abuse or exploitation of a minor (including trafficking, prostitution, and pornography) and a promoter, possessor, or viewer of CSAM (child sexual abuse material). Effective as of June 2, 2021, and it is fully retroactive, applying to all claims arising before on or after that date. (2021 Nevada Laws Ch. 288 (S.B. 203)).
New Hampshire None for action based on sexual assault or related offenses against minors and adults. Effective as of September 18, 2020. (NH ST § 508:4-g).
Northern Mariana Islands None for action based on child sexual abuse. Effective as of November 10, 2021, and it is fully retroactive, applying to call claims arising before on or after that date.  (2021 N.M.I. Pub. L. No. 22-12 (HB 22-2, SDI)).
Utah None for action based on intentional or negligent sexual abuse of a minor against a perpetrator. Effective as of March 23, 2015. (Utah Code § 78B-2-308).
Vermont None for action based on childhood sexual abuse. Effective as of July 1, 2019 and it is fully retroactive, applying to all claims arising before or on or after that date. (VT. STAT. ANN TIT. 12, § 522).
Federal Government

None for offenses against minors, including child sex abuse, sex trafficking, exploitation, and CSAM. Effective September 16, 2022. (S 3103 Eliminating Limits to Justice for Child Sex Abuse Victims Act of 2022).

Total  Fifteen (15) States, Federal Government, and Two (2) Territories Eliminated Civil SOLs
2020 Civil Age Cap Ranking

 F. Jurisdictions that Revived Expired Civil SOL
(opened revival window or revived up to a certain age)

click here for summary of civil revival laws in 24 states and 3 Territories
Arizona (2019-20) 19-month window opened on May 27, 2019 for expired claims against perpetrators, private organizations and government and closed on December 31, 2020 – closed. Also revived SOL up to age 30. (AZ ST § 12-514; H.B. 2466, 54th Leg., 1st Reg. Sess. (Ariz. 2019)).
Arkansas (2022-23) 2-year window opens February 1, 2022 for expired claims against perpetrators, private organizations and government – open. (ARK. CODE ANN. § 16-118-118).
California

(2003-04) 1-year window revived SOL against private organizations only – closed. (Cal. Civ. Proc. Code § 340.1).

(2020-22) 3-year revival window opened on January 1, 2020 for expired claims against perpetrators, private organizations and government – open. Also revives SOL up to age 40. (Cal. Civ. Proc. Code § 340.1).

Colorado* (2022-25) 3-year window opened on January 1, 2022 for claims of abuse occurring from 1960-2021 against perpetrators, private organizations and government, subject to damages caps – open.  Colorado’s new cause of action is not a revival law, but it is included in this section because it opens a window to justice for many survivors whose common law claims have expired. (SB21-088, 73rd General Assembly, 1st Reg. Sess. (2021)).
Connecticut (2002) Revives SOL up to age 48 against perpetrators, private organizations and government. (Conn. Gen. Stat. § 52-577d).
Delaware

(2007-09) 2-year window revived SOL against perpetrators, private organizations and government – closed. (Del. Code tit. 10, § 8145).

(2010-12) Added 2-year window for healthcare providers because original window did not apply to claims against them – closed. (Del. Code tit. 18, § 6856).

Georgia (2015-17) 2-year window revived SOL against perpetrators only – closed. (Ga. Code § 9-3-33.1).
Guam

(2011) 2-year window revived SOL against their abusers – closed. (7 G.C.A. § 11306(2)).

(2016) Permanently revives all expired claims against perpetrators, private organizations and government – open. (tit. 7 G.C.A. § 11301.1(b)).

Hawaii

(2012-14) 2-year window revived SOL against perpetrators and private organizations – closed. (Haw. Rev. Stat. § 657-1.8).

(2014-16) Extended original window for another 2 years and expanded to include claims against the government – closed. (Haw. Rev. Stat. § 657-1.8).

(2018-20) Extended window was open until April 24, 2020 – closed. (Haw. Rev. Stat. § 657-1.8).

Kentucky (2021) Revives SOL up to 5 years after the date the SOL expired. (2021 Kentucky Laws Ch. 89 (HB 472)).
Louisiana (2021) 3-year window revives SOL against any party – open. (2021 La. Sess. Law Serv. Act 322 (H.B. 492)).
Maine (2021) Permanently revives all expired claims against any party – open. (ME ST T. 14 § 752-C).
Massachusetts (2014) Revives SOL up to age 53 against perpetrators only. (Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 260, § 4C; 2014 Mass. Legis. Serv. Ch. 145 (H.B. 4126)).
Michigan (2018) 90-day window revived SOL for victims of Larry Nassar only – closed. (Mich. Comp. Laws § 600.5851b).
Minnesota (2013-16) 3-year window revived SOL against perpetrators and private organizations – closed. (Minn. Stat. § 541.073, 2013 Minn. Sess. Law Serv. Ch. 89 (H.F. 681)).
Montana (2019-20) 1-year window opened on May 7, 2019 for expired claims against perpetrators and entities – closed. Also revives SOL up to age 27. (Mont. Code § 27-2-216).
Nevada (2021) Permanently revives all expired claims against perpetrators or persons criminally liable for sexual abuse or exploitation of a minor (including trafficking, prostitution, and pornography) and promoters, possessors, or viewers of CSAM (child sexual abuse material) – open. Also, revives SOL up to age 38 for sexual abuse or exploitation of a minor against other defendants, with treble damages recoverable for participating in or covering up the abuse. (2021 Nevada Laws Ch. 288 (S.B. 203)).
New Jersey (2019-21) 2-year window opened on December 1, 2019 for expired claims against perpetrators, private organizations and government – closed. Window applies to child sex abuse victims and those sexually assaulted as adults. Also revives SOL up to age 55. (2019 NJ Sess. Law Serv. Ch. 120 (SENATE 477)).
New York

(2019-20) 1-year window opened on August 14, 2019 for expired claims against perpetrators, private organizations and government – closed. (2019 Sess. Law News of N.Y. Ch. 11 (S. 2440)).

(2020-21) Extended window via executive order (Executive Order No. 202.29) and then again with a 1-year window extension law keeping window open until August 14, 2021. (N.Y. C.P.L.R. 214-g; S.B. 7082, 2020 Leg., Reg. Sess. (N.Y. 2020)).

(2023-25) 2-Year window for expired gender-motivated violence, including CSA and sexual assault claims, will open on March 1, 2023 against all types of defendants for abuse that occurred in New York City—Manhattan,  Queens, Staten Island, Brooklyn, and the Bronx. (Am. L.L. 2022/021, eff. 1/9/2022).

North Carolina (2020-21) 2-year window opened on January 1, 2020 for expired civil claims – closed. (2019 North Carolina Laws S.L. 2019-245 (S.B. 199)).
Northern Mariana Islands (2021) Permanently revives all expired claims against perpetrators, private organizations and government – open. (2021 N.M.I. Pub. L. No. 22-12 (HB 22-2, SDI)).
Oregon (2010) Revives SOL up to age 40 against perpetrators and private organizations. (O.R.S. § 12.117).
Rhode Island (2019) Revives SOL up to age 53 against perpetrator only. (RI ST § 9-1-51).
Utah* (2016) Permanently revived SOL up to age 53 against perpetrators or persons criminally liable and 3-year window opened on May 10, 2016 for expired claims against perpetrators and persons criminally liable. The revival law is not in effect because it was held unconstitutional in 2020. (Utah Code Ann. § 78B-2-308).
Vermont (2019) Permanently revives all expired claims against perpetrators, private organizations and government – open. (VT. STAT. ANN TIT. 12, § 522).
West Virginia (2020) Revives SOL up to age 36 against perpetrators and private organizations. (W.V. Code §55-2-15).
Washington D.C. (2019-21) 2-year window opened on May 3, 2019 for expired claims against perpetrators and entities – closed. Window applies to all child sex abuse victims up to age 40 or those who discovered their abuse less than 5 years ago, and in some circumstances, those sexually assaulted as adults. (D.C. Code § 12-301).
Total Twenty-Four (24) States and Three (3) Territories Revived Expired Civil SOLs

 

 

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